- How To Make a Bonsai and Growing Methods
- How to Care for a Bonsai
- 62 photos of bonsai to inspire you
Small only in size! Bonsai are great representatives of Eastern culture and carry a series of symbolisms and meanings. It is said that a bonsai tree attracts money and good luck, and if the mini tree is received as a present by someone, it expresses a gesture of respect and desire for prosperity. Bonsai also symbolize peace, patience, balance, harmony and happiness.
It is estimated that bonsai cultivation began in China more than 2,500 years ago, representing one of the oldest gardening techniques that has no news.
Considered a living masterpiece of nature, bonsai attract the curiosity of many people, so it is not uncommon to see more and more these small trees being grown in homes, businesses and businesses.
Want to know more about bonsai? How to do and take care? So keep following this post with us, we gathered a series of mega interesting information that will help you to grow a beautiful bonsai too, come see:
How To Make a Bonsai and Growing Methods
To talk about bonsai is to immerse yourself in a thousand-year-old story that influences cultivation methods to this day. The bonsai, though originating in China, have gained the form and the current characteristics in Japan. Even the Japanese word Bonsai means, in Portuguese, planted on a tray, summarizing very objectively what bonsai is all about.
Contrary to what many people may believe, bonsai do not go through any kind of genetic or biological change to take on the miniature format. But then why do not the bonsai grow? The small size of the species is justified by the size of the container in which they were planted. The tray, or vessel, limits the growth of the roots. But make no mistake that you simply plant a tree in a small container for it to become bonsai.
That's where the trick is. Bonsai is not the name of a specific tree but, indeed, of a special cultivation technique. That is, in addition to the correct planting, special care should also be taken with pruning, irrigation and fertilization.
To make a bonsai you can opt for two different methods of cultivation: the misho and the yamadori. In bonsai, bonsai is grown from the seeds. This means that you choose the species, get the seed, plant and await germination and the ideal growth moment to transplant the seedling to start the bonsai process. Notice that until now, the method of germination and cultivation is the same as the common planting of trees.
For the planting of the seed that will become bonsai it is recommended to use a sowing approximately 1/4 of the bottom of the container covered with gravel. Then add substrate to the middle of the pot and only place the seeds, cover them with the rest of the substrate. Do not use fertilizer at this stage, fertilization should occur three months after germination and should be performed with liquid fertilizer or mammoth cake.
The yamadori method begins at the planting stage of the seedlings. In this case, you may have passed or not by the previous method, the miss. If you prefer, you can buy a seedling already taken, this saves a few months in bonsai cultivation time. But beware: the transplant does not occur directly to the bonsai tray, first it is necessary to prepare the seedling purchased with the same planting system used in the yamadori method, only after this pre-planting is that the seedling is ready to be placed definitively in the tray.
To put the seedling in the tray it is important to remove the excess of roots. Here, the bonsai technique really begins. Begin by removing the dried and damaged roots, it is worth noting that the amount of root must be proportional to the amount of branches, in general, it is oriented a proportion of 6 branches to 4 roots. Arrange the roots in the tray or vase and add the soil gradually by compressing it with your fingers without overcoming the edges of the container.
Use a sturdy string or string to support the molt and prevent it from shifting. Leave this support for about five months, until the roots are strong enough.
In the first three months of bonsai planting the land should be watered every day, but without excesses. Also keep the vase in a place with good lighting but protected from direct sun and wind.
Ideal species to be cultivated as bonsai
By now you may be wondering which kind of tree best suited to be cultivated as bonsai. As a rule, any tree can become a bonsai, but there are those species that develop better, others that are more suitable for those who are beginning in the technique and so on. Below you will find a list of the main species of bonsai trees, from bonsai with flowers to fruit bonsai,
- Bougainvillea or Spring;
- Cherry tree;
- Ficus (perfect for anyone who is starting to grow bonsai);
How to Care for a Bonsai
Bonsai care involves an adequate location for sun exposure, watering, fertilization and, especially, pruning. As bonsai are grown in small containers they end up needing a greater supply of water and nutrients, so they need constant attention.
For watering it is important to evaluate the moisture of the earth. If it is damp, do not spill, if it is dry, water it with a watering can until water flows through the drainage system. Important: do not use dishes under the pot, water accumulation can rot the roots.
The place where the bonsai will be placed will depend mainly on the type of tree that was used. Some need more light than others, look for information on the species chosen to define the ideal place for your bonsai. After that, watch. Check how your bonsai will react. If you feel you need to try other places in the house until you find the ideal spot.
As far as fertilization is concerned, it is important to keep the soil balanced with three basic components Nitrogen (N) - for the growth of stems and branches -, Phosphorus (P) - for root - and Potassium (K) - for flowers and fruits. The big balcony of the bonsai, however, is to understand which of the three bonsai need more and this varies according to the seasons of the year. In the spring, bonsai need more Nitrogen to promote its growth, the ideal formula in this case would be NPK 12: 6: 6. In summer, opt for a balanced mix, at 10:10:10 NPK. Already in the fall and winter, the ideal is the formula 3:10:10.
Finally, let's talk about the pruning of the bonsai. Correct pruning is critical to ensure healthy growth of the mini tree and also to maintain the unique feature of the technique. Some species, if improperly pruned, completely lose their shape and cease to be a bonsai, so it is very important to look at this step.
There are two types of bonsai pruning, maintenance and aesthetics. The maintenance consists of removing the excess of branches and leaves that grow on the outermost part of the bonsai, such as the canopy end and sides. The stylistic pruning is the one that gives shape to the bonsai, usually made in the beginning of spring and late fall. To do so, carefully analyze your bonsai and see what format and design you want to give it, if you have a reference at hand. From there, begin by carefully removing the branches.
Where to buy and price
For those who prefer to go straight through the planting stages, you can choose to buy a bonsai ready. There are numerous bonsai options for sale, including in large supermarket chains, the most common being fruit bonsai such as jabuticaba, blackberry, acerola and cherry. Another option is to buy direct from a producer.
Prices vary according to the age of the bonsai and the type of cultivated species. The simplest ones can cost from $ 25 to $ 100. Old bonsai, more than 50 years old, are sold at prices that arrive easy to the house of $ 15 thousand.
Talking about bonsai is exciting. And if you want to venture further into this millennial technique you can choose to take courses and, perhaps, become a producer. But in the meantime, how about being inspired - and delighted - with the bonsai images we brought here? Check out:
62 photos of bonsai to inspire you
Picture 1 - Bonsai: perfect replica of a freely cultivated tree.
Picture 2 - The office desk looks much more beautiful with the bonsai pot.
Picture 3 - Or who knows yet you can choose to leave your bonsai decorating the dining table.
Picture 4 - Bonsai in the kitchen with the appropriate lighting for the cultivated species.
Picture 5 - Some bonsais can reach 1.20 meters of height, depending on the species and the place of cultivation.
Picture 6 - How can one not be enchanted by this natural work of art?
Picture 7 - Make a collection of small bonsai in your home.
Picture 8 - You define the orientation and direction of the bonsai through pruning.
Picture 9 - A small beauty, but that does not go unnoticed.
Picture 10 - The mountains in the background, in the panel, seem to interact with the bonsai.
Picture 11 - These bonsai have done super well with the place reserved for them in the outside area of the house.
Image 12 - Beautiful idea: bonsai in marble vases.
Picture 13 - In this office, the bonsai is responsible for creating a beautiful scenery by the window.
Picture 14 - The elegant form of bonsai is perfect to compose the decoration of corporate environments.
Picture 15 - The rusticity of the environment married perfectly with the pair of bonsai in the window.
Picture 16 - In the living room, the bonsai can be used on the coffee table.
Image 17 - Pine Bonsai: a common type and easy to find.
Image 18 - Azalea Bonsai to melt the heart of those who are passionate about flowers.
Image 19 - The choice of pot is also very important for the beauty of bonsai.
Image 20 - The trunk of wood helps to give a slight prominent look in the bonsai still in formation.
Image 21 - Bonsai with flowers or with fruit, which do you prefer?
Picture 22 - A lord bonsai on the coffee table; Did you know that the oldest bonsai in the world is about a thousand years old?
Picture 23 - But it's too delicate! The thumbnail of the thumbnail.
Picture 24 - Bonsai are works of living art that fascinate and enchant everyone.
Image 25 - The super-sophisticated environment could not get any better than with a bonsai right at the entrance.
Image 26 - Highlight your bonsai in the decor using a special light next to it.
Picture 27 - How about a bonsai in the room of the couple? The small tree brings peace and harmony to the environment.
Image 28 - Bonsai with white vase to match the modern decor.
Picture 29 - Remember that the small pot where the bonsai is planted requires greater attention with watering and fertilization.
Picture 30 - There is no place that does not fit with a bonsai!
Picture 31 - Bonsai are great for looking, admiring and letting the mind flow, not for nothing that technique has also developed in Buddhist monasteries.
Picture 32 - Environments with wood become incredible with bonsais.
Image 33 - Try growing a larger bonsai in the garden.
Picture 34 - This modern minimalist kitchen bet on a small and delicate bonsai on the countertop.
Picture 35 - The green point of this environment is the bonsai.
Image 36 - Amazing how such a big tree in nature can develop in such a small space!
Image 37 - Plant moss on the surface of the pot, it helps to reproduce the natural habitat of the trees.
Image 38 - Double bonsai of the same species, but with different degrees of growth.
Image 39 - Here, the bonsai won a fabric cache in the color of the decoration.
Picture 40 - Want elegance and style in your dining room? Take a bonsai there
Image 41 - If a single bonsai with branches and leaves is already beautiful, what about an all flowery bonsai like that?
Picture 42 - Do not know what to put in that bland corridor of your house? Try a bonsai.
Picture 43 - Beautiful flowering bonsai for the modern kitchen.
Picture 44 - The bathroom is also one of the places in the house that can receive a bonsai.
Picture 45 - In this other bathroom, the bonsai sits on the bench in front of the bathtub.
Image 46 - The lighting that enters the skylight goes straight to the bonsai on the coffee table.
Picture 47 - A mini lake, a bonsai and a double right foot, in short, a breathtaking environment.
Image 48 - Bonsai decorating the surroundings of the pool.
Picture 49 - The rustic room adopted a beautiful example of bonsai.
Image 50 - Exhibition of bonsai in the external area of the house.
Picture 51 - The clean and neutral environment gained color and life with the bonsai.
Picture 52 - Leave the bonsai more realistic with miniatures of animals, people and objects.
Picture 53 - Bonsai of stones and crystals! An alternative there is beautiful and interesting.
Picture 54 - For some reason you can not have a bonsai? Do not get discouraged, hang a bonsai image on the wall.
Picture 55 - In the middle of other plants, the bonsai also finds its place.
Image 56 - Have you ever thought to grow bonsai in the water? Here, this is possible.
Image 57 - Stones and mosses perfectly characterize this extraordinary tree miniature.
Image 58 - In this room, bonsai shares space with other objects of decoration.
Image 59 - Look at that genial idea: cultivate your bonsai in the span under the stairs.
Image 60 - Mini pine tree on stone tray!
Image 61 - Lucky Bonsai and Bamboo: two very symbolic icons of oriental culture in the house decoration.
Picture 62 - Spring bonsai rejoices, colors and gives life to this living room.