- How to Plant the Spider Flower or Cleome
- How to Make Seedlings: Propagation
- Landscaping or Decorative Use
Botanical name: Cleome L.
Sin.: Gynandopsis DC, Chilocalyx Klotzsch, Pedicellaria Schrank, among others
Angiospermae - Cleomaceae Family
Popular name: cleome, spider-flower
Origin: considered a cosmopolitan plant, there are in several countries
Semi-shrub herbaceous for several years, with a height of about 1.0 m, with an erect stem with palm leafs with aculeus at the base and beautiful inflorescences at the tip of the branches in white, pink to strong pink.
It blooms from spring to late summer.
The fruits are of the síliqua type with globose seeds, located at the bottom of the floral tassel. The leaves have an unpleasant aroma when macerated. The genus has about 275 species scattered around the globe, in warm to hot climate regions.
How to Plant the Spider Flower or Cleome
The place of cultivation must have sun a good part of the day, with some shade in the hotter hours.
It is a low soil fertility plant, although it is best developed on sandy soils with high humidity.
For its cultivation we can use mixed organic compound to the land of the bed, with about 100 g / m2 of fertilizer NPK of formulation 4-14-08, well mixed in the earth.
Before proceeding with the cleaning and aeration of the soil of the bed. The recommended spacing is 0.70 m between plants and 0.40 m in mismatched lines, when the idea is to make a massif.
After the first flowering, cutting the top of the branches will produce more dense foliage. The cut of the dried flowers provides a new layer of flowers. Fertilize the following winter for better flowering.
How to Make Seedlings: Propagation
The propagation is done by seeds, preparing crates in the summer for planting during the fall.
The sowing soil may be sieved organic compost. Sow with 2 cm spacing in mismatched lines at depth of 1 cm, covering with more dry sieved soil.
Spray with fine spray and keep substrate moist and protected. Planting with the seedling from 10 cm.
Landscaping or Decorative Use
In landscaping this plant is ideal for massifs along walls, preferably it may have shadows in the afternoon.
It is not advisable to cultivate it with other seedlings, tending to drown the neighboring plants.