- Learn to Differentiate Granite Marble
- Types of National Marbles
- Types of National Granites
- Different Uses of Marbles and Granites in Decoration
- National Marbles and Granites: Where to Find
Brazil is among the ten largest exporters of marble and granite in the world, two natural stones.
The marble is made from the union of dolomite and calcite; and granite is composed of three minerals: feldspar, mica and quartz, making it much harder, less porous and resistant than the first, scratching less easily.
Learn to Differentiate Granite Marble
The differentiation between the types of marble and between the types of granite happens through the observation of the different colors, designs of the veins and even of the porosity. In addition, granite is more blended than marble, which is more even.
The whiter the marble, the purer - and consequently the more expensive - it is. However the factor that has most impact on the price of these stones is its degree of rarity: the harder it is, the more expensive it is.
Already to make sure the piece is made of marble or granite, pass a piece of metal, like a penknife, on the back: the marble will be more marked than the granite.
Types of National Marbles
There are in Brazil a small number of marble deposits. Because of this, the national marble market still has a large presence of imported stones.
The main Brazilian marbles are aurora prata and aurora pearl, both in more pink tones; the white looks blue, blue; the white looks green, greenish; the white paints gray, greyder; and the travertine and beige Bahia, slightly beige.
Types of National Granites
Unlike marble, granite deposits are numerous in Brazil, increasing the variety offered by the market.
The main national granite types include yellow Humaitá, yellow Icaraí, yellow passion fruit, yellow ornamental, yellow Victory, yellow Santa Cecilia), white (Ceará white, Dallas white, Siena white, Itaúnas white, white Fortaleza, white ivory), green (Butterfly green, emerald green, green Candeias, green Lavras, green Ubatuba, green peacock, green piramirim, green tunas), red (red Brasilia, red Capão Bonito).
There are also blacks (absolute black, Indian black, São Gabriel black), ashes (gray swallow, Corumbazinho gray, Corumba gray, Maua gray), browns (brown beaver, brown Sao Paulo), cafes (Bahia coffee, imperial coffee), blue (blue sucuru, blue star) and pink.
Among the particular patterns are the arabesque, black diamond, kinawa, ocher Itabira and gold Brazil.
Different Uses of Marbles and Granites in Decoration
As we have seen, both marble and granite are considered noble and high quality stones. However, for better use, there are more suitable areas for one and the other.
In general, the marble should be indoors. This is because the acidity of the rain, the pollution, the heavy traffic and the weather tend to wear it over time.
However the kitchen is also not the ideal place to use the marble: because it is porous, it absorbs more fat and stain more easily.
In addition, even if waterproofed, it loses glare under the action of heavy cleaning materials, coffee, wine, lemon or vinegar, and can crack in contact with hot pans.
For the same reasons, barbecue areas should dispense marble.
In all the cases mentioned above you prefer granite.
In contrast, the marble is ideal for coating walls and floors of rooms, bathrooms, toilets and, if you please the resident, even the rooms. It is lighter than granite.
Granites also look wonderful on floors and throughout the bathroom.
National Marbles and Granites: Where to Find
The main marble deposits in Brazil are located in Espírito Santo, which distributes the rock to the main Brazilian cities.
Granite is also withdrawn mainly from Espírito Santo, but also from Minas Gerais and Ceará. Like marble, it is taken to points of sale located throughout the country.